Photo: Hiking at Red Mountain, Canada
Canada is best known for its powder, back country riding and the legendary big mountain terrain of the Rocky Mountains. Finding a job for a winter season in Canada can be easier than in many other countries given the ease of obtaining a working visa. It is therefore a hugely popular place in which to work a winter season.
The Rocky Mountains run through British Columbia (BC), the westernmost province of Canada, and the edge of Alberta, the next province to the east. The Rockies are home to the best mountains and the biggest terrain in Canada. You will find that the Rocky Mountain resorts live up to their epithet by having great, technical, rocky lines and incredible rocky chutes to tackle. If you are after true Canadian big mountain, the Rockies are the place to be.
In BC, you will find Whistler, which is the largest resort in Canada and one of the most famous resorts in the world, known for its huge terrain and massive nightlife. It was home to the 2010 Winter Olympic Games. Other well-known mountains in BC include Kicking Horse, Fernie, Whitewater, Revelstoke, Red Mountain and Big White.
Near the border of BC, in Alberta, you will find the town of Banff, a famous ski town with three resorts in the vicinity, including the popular resorts of Lake Louise and Sunshine Village.
In the eastern part of Canada, the best mountains are found in Quebec. However, the mountains are mostly smaller, lower in altitude and receive heavier snow which leads to a bigger emphasis on terrain park riding in the region. Although the resorts are not as big or popular as resorts in the Rockies, they nonetheless attract large crowds from the major eastern Canadian cities of Toronto, Montreal and Quebec City.
Throughout the centre of Canada, you will find lower altitude resorts located on the Canadian prairies. These tend to be smaller operations with lower snowfall, and tend to attract local riders rather than international tourists.
The lightest powder and largest annual snowfall is found in resorts in British Columbia. Conditions in the east are generally much icier, although slightly better than conditions throughout the mid-west.
Due to its high northern latitude, it can get extremely cold in Canada, particularly throughout the Rockies and in Quebec.
In general, it gets colder at Canada resorts than at US mountains. Some days, it can get too cold to ride, which can cut into your season and lessen the days off work where you are able to ride. For example, it regularly gets down to -30c (-22f) in December and January in some resorts in BC and Alberta.
One of the distinct advantages of working a Canadian winter season is the lack of crowds. Especially on the harder terrain, you will usually have the powder all to yourself. This is true even at the larger, commercial resorts (outside the holiday periods). As a comparison, the mountains are much quieter than European mountains.
Back country riding is really popular in Canada, as is hiking and searching for powder stashes. It is more popular in Canada than in the US and Europe.
Big mountain riding in Canada, with rocks, cliffs and chutes, is among the best in the world. The best chutes and steeps are to be found through the Rockies.
Unlike European resorts, but similar to US resorts, Canadian resorts will avalanche prime all terrain within the boundary of the resort. This means that you can safely go off-piste as long as you remain within the resort boundary (although avalanches still do rarely occur).
As the season progresses, the avalanche crew will open up more terrain on the mountain. An advantage of working a season in Canada is the chance to ride all the incredible in-bound terrain that will progressively open up during the season.
Out in the back country, it is always advisable to carry avalanche gear given the risk of avalanches that do occur each season.
Canadian resort operations are generally centrally run, meaning that you apply through the resort company for all the jobs on the mountain. Check out the individual resort pages for further information on application processes.
Canadian resorts allow foreigners to work for the mountain directly. You can therefore take a job as a lift operator, park crew, mountain operations etc. Generally, you will need a valid working visa before applying, though resorts will offer sponsored visas for certain specialized roles such as snowboard or ski instructors (see visas below).
Most Canadian resorts do most of their hiring through an online application process prior to the commencement of the season. At the larger resorts, in particular, it is quite difficult to simply turn up at the start of the season and look for a job.
However, many seasonal workers quit their jobs during the season and resorts are always looking to fill positions as the season progresses. This is particularly so after the January holiday peak, after which many staff decide they have had enough and quit.
In addition to the resort jobs, often there will also be jobs available in nearby towns in hospitality, retail and other services. Check out the individual resort pages for further information on local job resources.
Local businesses will generally require you to have a valid working visa as they are unable to sponsor applicants for visas.
Unlike the resorts, local businesses have no need to advertise jobs online given so many people simply turn up and hand around CVs each season. Instead, local businesses will rely on job advertisements in windows and word-of-mouth. You will need a bit of initiative to hand around your CV and chase up opportunities.
At the more popular resorts (Banff and Whistler in particular), there are many more people looking for work than required. At these more popular resorts, you should arrive early (October / November) and expect a few weeks not getting paid while you look for work.
Aside from the smaller crowds, this is another of the advantages of going to a smaller resort!
The central body dealing with ski instructors is the Canadian Ski Instructors Alliance: www.snowpro.com
The central body dealing with snowboard instructors is the Canadian Association of Snowboard instructors: www.casi-acms.com
International applicants with foreign instructing certificates may wish to contact the association to convert their foreign instructing certificate or see whether it is recognized.
Canada has a good working holiday visa program which makes it much simpler to get a job in Canada than in the US, or in Europe for that matter.
The working holiday visa program is open to people aged 18-35 and is generally valid for most work in Canada for a year or two, depending on your country of citizenship.
It is a great program as it means you do not necessarily need a sponsored job in order to get a visa. Rather, you can get your visa, fly over and then start looking for work. Mountain resorts in Canada expect to fill their rosters with foreigners every year.
For Australians, you get a two-year visa just by filling out an on-line application form. New Zealanders get a one-year visa just as easily as well.
The Canadian working holiday visa website keeps a running count of how many spots are left each year. You follow the links through working holiday to get to the on-line application.
Citizens of Belgium, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, Ukraine and the United Kingdom are able to get working holiday visas to Canada; Canadian working holiday visa information
The following are links to the Canadian embassies in respective countries where applicants are able to apply for working visas:
For United Kingdom applicants - www.canadainternational.gc.ca/united_kingdom-royaume_uni
For French applicants - www.canadainternational.gc.ca/france/
For German applicants - www.canadainternational.gc.ca/germany-allemagne
For Japanese applicants - www.canadainternational.gc.ca/japan-japon
There are a number of companies which partner with ski resorts in Canada to get you a job at the mountain. For Australian and British citizens, Overseas Working Holiday is a program which partners with a few resorts such as Whistler, Lake Louise, Kicking Horse, Big White, Silver Star, Grouse Mountain, Calabogie Peaks and Nakiska. The fees are currently $995 AUD and £599 UKP.
The job programs are good if you are not sure about looking for work by yourself. However, every year, many more people simply arrive at the resort and hand in their resumes.
The advantage of paying for a job program is that you walk straight into your job once you arrive, while others spend a few weeks looking for work and, in the meantime, spend the same amount as you would have using a program. Additionally, some resorts will guarantee program participants staff housing.
The disadvantage of a job program is the cost. The program effectively just gives you an interview with someone from the resort's Human Resources department that has been flown out. Also, while you can nominate for the job you would like, you may not necessarily get it.
While the job programs offer security, they are certainly not necessary, particularly if you want flexibility in where you work and what job you do.
Photo: View from the chairlift at Lake Louise
Canadian resorts and businesses will require you to have a Social Insurance Number (SIN) before commencing work for the season. You can apply for one of these once you arrive in Canada with your work permit. This can generally only be done in major towns so it is necessary to plan a bit of time to do this once you arrive in Canada.
Many resorts will also require that you have appropriate travel insurance before you start work. This will need to be organised in your home country.
Many of the resorts in Canada are located next to highways, meaning that it can be reasonably easy to move around the resorts in Canada if you wish to do a road trip. The Greyhound bus runs services around Canada and can be used to go to other resorts for a trip on your days off. It is quite a good, efficient service compared to bus services in other countries.
However, it is even easier to move around if you can get a car, or have friends with cars. Resort towns are often expensive while cheaper groceries can be found in nearby towns but you may need a car to get there.
Many resorts will offer staff accommodation for those working at the mountain for the season. Check out each resort page for further information on whether staff accommodation is available, what it comprises and the cost of rent.
If staff accommodation is not available, or if you would like to find your own place, there are a few Canada wide rental sites that may provide good places to start your search:
kijiji.ca is a Canadian classifieds site with ads for many items, including rental properties.
www.househunting.ca is a site devoted to Canadian rental properties.
www.craigslist.org/about/sites#CA is the Canadian section of Craiglist which allows people to post ads on any number of things, including properties for rent.
Rentalguru.ca is a relatively new site devoted to rental properties in Canada. It has a large number of listings for rental properties, rooms and sublets.
Many resort towns also have local papers and local sites where rental properties may be listed. Check out the individual resort pages for further information.